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Kula, Sam. Appraising Moving Images: Assessing the Archival and Monetary Value of Film and Video Records. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2003.

Cataloging and Metadata:

____. The AMIA Compendium of Moving Image Cataloging Practice (AMIA, 1999):
AMIA’s compendium compiles the cataloging practices of over 27 institutions, offering diverse and wide-ranging solutions to cataloging problems specific to moving images. The complete document is available through the Society of American Archivists at
____. Library of Congress, Automated Systems Office. MARC Formats for Bibliographic Data. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1980- loose-leaf update.
____. The Moving Image Genre-Form Guide.:
Black, Sharon. Thesaurus of Subject Headings for Television: A Vocabulary for Indexing Script Collections. Oryx Press, 1990.
Byrne, Deborah J. Marc Manual: Understanding and Using MARC Records. Englewood, Colorado: Libraries Unlimited, Inc., 1991.
Crawford, Walt. MARC for Library Use: Understanding the USMARC Formats. White Plains, NY, and London: Knowledge Industry Publications, Inc., 1984.
Christel, Michael G., and Howard D. Wactlar. Digital Video Archives: Managing Through Metadata. (Carnegie Mellon University):
This extensive report examines how metadata can be used for video preservation. The references listed at the end also serve as an additional bibliography on metadata.
Evans, Linda J., and Maureen O'Brien Will. MARC For Archival Visual Materials: A Compendium of Practice. Chicago: Chicago Historical Society,1988.
Gartenberg, Jon. Glossary of Filmographic Terms. Brussels: International Federation of Film Archives (FIAF), 1989, 2nd enlarged edition.
Gorman, Michael, and Paul W. Winkler. Anglo-American Cataloging Rules, Second Edition [AACR2. Chicago: American Library Association, 1978.
Available from American Library Association, 50 East Huron Street, Chicago, IL 60611.
Olson, Nancy B., edited by Edward Swanson. Cataloging Motion Pictures and Video Recordings. Lake Crystal, MN: Soldier Creek Press, 1991.
Yee, Martha, compiler. Moving Image Materials: Genre Terms. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, Cataloging Distribution Service, 1988.
Compiled for the National Moving Image Database (NAMID) Standards Committee, National Center for Film and Video Preservation, Los Angeles.

Cataloging and Metadata bibliographies:

MIC “Cataloging & Metadata Resources”:
Extensive bibliography of cataloging and metadata print and online resources compiled by MIC’s Education & Outreach Task Force.
Preserving Access to Digital Information:
Ranging from bibliographies of scholarly material in the field to others specific to metadata and audio preservation and restoration, this site includes links to bibliographies listed here as well as hard-to-find ones.


____. Film Preservation 1993: A Study of the Current State of American Film Preservation and Redefining Film Preservation (1994).
The report, Film Preservation 1993: A Study of the Current State of American Film Preservation, was submitted to Congress by the Librarian of Congress, as directed by the National Film Preservation Act of 1992. The four-volume report is the first comprehensive look at American film preservation. Information was gathered through hundreds of interviews and library research, as well as public testimony and written statements from over 100 organizations and individuals. In August 1994, as a follow-up to Film Preservation 1993, the Librarian of Congress announced public-private sector agreement on a new national strategy to save American films and make them more accessible to the public. This action plan, Redefining Film Preservation, prepared in consultation with the Librarian's advisory group, the National Film Preservation Board, was the product of six months of negotiation among archivists, educators, filmmakers, and industry executives.
____. Permanence Through Change: The Variable Media Approach (Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum and the Daniel Langlois Foundation, 2003):
Born from the Guggenheim’s need to preserve its collection and in collaboration with the Daniel Langlois Foundation, the Variable Media Initiative sought strategies for preserving ephemeral artwork through the use of an interactive questionnaire. This publication is the result of that research. Available in English and French, this document can be downloaded as a PDF in its entirety or in sections.
____. Playback (BAVC, 2003):
An interactive DVD, Playback, guides viewers through the technical practices of video preservation. The DVD contains sections called “Analog Video Basics,” “Preservation Case Study” (an example of a real-life preservation process), and the “Eternal Frame,” a video art piece about the pivotal video footage of the assassination of J.F.K. Order online at
_____. TechArcheology: Journal of the American Institute for Conservation
(The American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works (AIC) Volume 40, No. 3, 2002.) This issue of the journal is dedicated to the preservation of installation art. The publication can be ordered online at
____. Television and Video Preservation, 1997: A Report on the Current State of American Television and Video Preservation, Volume 1.
This report was written by William T. Murphy, assigned to the Library of Congress under an inter-agency agreement with the National Archives and Records Administration.
Beagrie, Neil, and Maggie Jones. The Handbook (Digital Preservation Coalition):
This authoritative and practical guide looks at international reports and data. It is maintained and updated continuously by the Digital Preservation Coalition.
Boyle, Deirdre. Video Preservation: Securing the Future of the Past (Media Alliance, 1993):
Addressing issues that were critical to video preservation in 1993, this publication includes a survey of video collections, a glossary of video-related terms, and a section on current and obsolete videotape recording formats.
Jimenez, Mona, and Liss Platt. Magnetic Media Sourcebook (Media Alliance, 1998):
This sourcebook functions as a directory of resources for audio and video preservation. It contains contact information and descriptions of major services, activities, and programs for over fifty entries, which include vendors, consultants, organizations, and funders.
Reed, Paul and Mark-Paul Meyer, editors. Restoration of Motion Picture Film. Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2000.
Sargent, Ralph. Preserving the Moving Image. Corporation for Public Broadcasting: Washington, 1974.
The results of a two-year project led by the NEA and the Corporation for Public Broadcasting to investigate the long-term preservation of moving images, this 1974 publication serves as a historic snapshot of the field. Containing interviews and surveys with archivists, technicians, researchers, and manufacturers from around the world, this book is viewed as one of the founding documents of today’s preservation and conservation community.

Preservation Bibliographies:

Audio Preservation and Restoration (University Libraries: University of Washington):
A very comprehensive bibliography, most of the sources listed are available via direct links. While predominantly an audio preservation list, there are some links to works on film and video preservation. The bibliography is broken down into categories, which allows for easy searching.
Australian Network for Information on Cellulose Acetate, Annotated Bibliography:
AATA Online. AATA.
Abstracts of international conservation literature from the Getty Conservation Institute.
Bibliographies, Webliographies, and Bibliographic Databases
Bibliographic Database of the Conservation Information Network (BCIN)
In English and French.
Child, Margaret S. Directory of Information Sources on Scientific Research Related to the Preservation of Sound Recordings, Still and Moving Images and Magnetic Tape. Washington, D.C.: the Committee on Preservation and Access, 1993.
Conservation OnLine, Preservation of Motion Picture Film:
Conservation OnLine, Video Preservation:
International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property (ICCROM):
Online library catalog in English and French.
Image Permanence Institute:
This bibliography is organized by subject heading, from general interest publications to medium-specific reports to articles on preservation standards. Many of the sources have been published in the last few years and some are immediately available as PDFs.
Preservation Reformatting: Digital Technology vs. Analog Technology (18th Annual Conference of the National Archives and Records Administration):
The theme of this 2003 conference was “Advantages and Disadvantages of Digital and Analog Formats.” Almost all of the papers presented at the conference are included as direct links here.
The SOLINET publications page includes downloadable PDFs or html versions of various documents, many of which are available in Spanish. The documents are broken down into the following categories: Administration (e.g., a bibliography on preservation programs, funding resources for preservation, and resources for preservation staff); Collections Care (e.g., preservation guidelines for audiotape collections, guidelines to working with a conservator, and a select bibliography on collections conservation); Disaster Planning (e.g., fire safety primer and a listing for disaster recovery services and supplies); Environment (e.g., a bibliography on pest control and environmental specifications for archival materials); and Reformatting (e.g., digital imaging issues and a leaflet on reformatting services).
Video History Project:
This brief bibliography contains original documents on preservation dating from 1983 to 2001. Articles included here are predominantly assessments of the state of preservation at the time or reports on various preservation strategies.

Additional Bibliographies:

Bibliographies & Resource Guides on Conservation Topics:
Like almost everything else at CoOl, this guide to the varied bibliographies on the web is very extensive and well organized.


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